June 21, 2024

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Nepal’s Foreign Policy

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Foreign Policy of Nepal

The fundamental objective of Nepal’s foreign policy is to enhance the dignity of the nation by safeguarding sovereignty, territorial integrity, independence, and promoting economic wellbeing and prosperity of Nepal. It is also aimed at contributing to global peace, harmony and security.

Nepal’s foreign policy is guided by the following basic principles:

  1. Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty;
  2. Non-interference in each other’s internal affairs;
  3. Respect for mutual equality;
  4. Non-aggression and the peaceful settlement of disputes;
  5. Cooperation for mutual benefit;
  6. Abiding faith in the Charter of the United Nations;
  7. Value of world peace.

Provisions of the Constitution of Nepal on National Interest and Foreign Policy

National Interest (Article 5.1)

Safeguarding of the freedom, sovereignty, territorial integrity, nationality, independence and dignity of Nepal, the rights of the Nepalese people, border security, economic wellbeing and prosperity shall be the basic elements of the national interest of Nepal.

Directive Principles (Article 50.4)

The State shall direct its international relations towards enhancing the dignity of the nation in the world community by maintaining international relations on the basis of sovereign equality, while safeguarding the freedom, sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence and national interest of Nepal.

State Policy (Article 51)

  1. To conduct an independent foreign policy based on the Charter of the United Nations, non-alignment, principles of Panchasheel, international law and the norms of world peace, taking into consideration of the overall interest of the nation, while remaining active in safeguarding the sovereignty, territorial integrity, independence and national interest of Nepal,
  2. To review treaties concluded in the past, and make treaties, agreements based on equality and mutual interest.

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