Children’s rights are the human rights of children with particular attention to the rights of special protection and care afforded to minors.The 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) defines a child as “any human being below the age of eighteen years, unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier.”Children’s rights includes their right to association with both parents, human identity as well as the basic needs for physical protection, food, universal state-paid education, health care, and criminal laws appropriate for the age and development of the child, equal protection of the child’s civil rights, and freedom from discrimination on the basis of the child’s race, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, national origin, religion, disability, color, ethnicity, or other characteristics. Interpretations of children’s rights range from allowing children the capacity for autonomous action to the enforcement of children being physically, mentally and emotionally free from abuse, though what constitutes “abuse” is a matter of debate.
Nepal ratified this convention unconditionally on 14 September 1990. The convention has 54 articles. The convention contains definition of child, provision against any discrimination against children, welfare of children, enforcement of rights, guidance to parents and management for capacity development of children.